Hong Kong, known as the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of the People's Republic of China, is located in the south of China, east of the mouth of the Pearl River, across the sea from Macau, China, to the west, adjacent to Shenzhen, China, to the north, and adjacent to the Wanshan Islands, Zhuhai, China, to the south, covering Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, the New Territories and 262 surrounding islands, with a total land area of 1106.34 square kilometers and a sea area of The total land area is 1106.34 square kilometers and the sea area is 1648.69 square kilometers. As of the end of 2018, the total population was approximately 7,482,500, making it one of the most densely populated regions in the world, with the highest life expectancy in the world.
Hong Kong has been a Chinese territory since ancient times, and was occupied by the British from 1842 to 1997. Since World War II, Hong Kong has experienced rapid economic and social development, becoming not only one of the "Four Little Dragons of Asia", but also one of the wealthiest, most economically developed and highest living standards in the world. On July 1, 1997, the Chinese government resumed its sovereignty over Hong Kong and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region was established. The Central Authorities have full authority over Hong Kong, and Hong Kong has maintained its previous capitalist system for a long time, and enjoys a high degree of autonomy in all matters other than foreign affairs and national defense. One country, two systems", "Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong" and a high degree of autonomy are the basic state policies of the Chinese government.
Hong Kong is the world's third largest financial center, an important international financial, trade and shipping center, and an international center for innovation and technology.
Hong Kong is a place where Chinese and Western cultures meet, combining the wisdom of the Chinese with the strengths of Western social systems. It is renowned for its clean government, good law and order, free economy and sound rule of law.